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For scientifically credible sources of information about immunization and specific vaccines, the following resources can help (listed alphabetically within three categories: Health Professional Organizations, Non-profit Groups and Universities and Government Organizations). This is not an exhaustive list, but does include excellent sources, many of which link to additional sites.


American Academy of Family Physicians
Founded in 1947, the American Academy of Family Physicians represents more than 89,400 family physicians, family practice residents and medical students nationwide.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
The site includes AAP policy statements (stored alphabetically for easy searching) that summarize AAP positions on various issues, including immunization issues.
This page contains an AAP patient education brochure, What Parents Need to Know About Immunization and Childhood Disease. The brochure provides brief, simple answers to frequently asked questions about immunization. The current immunization schedule is also provided.
This page links directly to the current immunization schedule.

American Medical Association
The AMA intends that this site provide scientifically-based information on recent issues pertaining to immunization and vaccination that will assist physicians in educating parents and others about why vaccines are important, about vaccine risks, and about what is being done to reduce these risks.

American Nurses Association (ANA)/American Nurses Foundation (ANF)
A cooperative agreement awarded to ANA/ANF by CDC is summarized on this Web site. Entitled Nursing Interventions to Enhance Childhood Immunization Partnerships, the agreement focuses on enhancing partnerships among providers, coalitions, health departments, and other concerned individuals and organizations within the field of childhood immunizations. Immunization alerts are shown on this site as well.

Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)
This site provides a wealth of information on infectious disease topics such as practice guidelines and information about IDSA's networks on emerging infectious diseases and HIV/AIDS. Links are provided to publications such as IDSA's Journal on Infectious Diseases, CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, and the World Health Organization's Weekly Epidemiological Record.


The Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute
The Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute is a non-profit public organization. The Institute is dedicated to continuing the work of Dr. Albert Sabin, who envisioned the enormous potential of vaccines to prevent deadly diseases. The Sabin Vaccine Institute promotes rapid scientific advances in vaccine development, delivery and distribution worldwide.

Allied Vaccine Group
The site includes a group of Web sites dedicated to providing reliable information on vaccines and vaccinations. The site also provides unbiased vaccine and vaccination news.

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
This site provides information about individual state immunization programs and contact information for state health departments.

Bill and Melinda Gates Children's Vaccine Program
The Children's Vaccine Program works to ensure that all children in the developing world receive the full benefits of vaccines without undue delay. This site provides both brief and in-depth fact sheets on vaccine-preventable diseases, links to other credible organizations, and lists of upcoming conferences and meetings on vaccine issues.

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Education Center (CHOP)
This site is maintained by the Vaccine Education Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. It aims to provide complete, up-to-date, and reliable information about vaccines to parents and health care professionals. It includes information on how vaccines work, how they are made, who recommends vaccines, when they should be given, why they are still necessary, and how vaccine safety is maintained. It includes extensive background on every major vaccine and the disease or diseases it prevents.

Every Child By Two
This site contains much information about the Every Child by Two early immunization campaign itself, but also has information for providers and content helpful to parents. This content includes a newsletter with current information on immunization issues, and an electronic version of CDC's "Parents Guide to Immunization," which discusses individual vaccines and topics such as keeping immunization records.

Health on the Net Foundation
The Health on the Net (HON) Foundation site outlines a set of guidelines for evaluating and posting health information online. Sites which undergo the HON certification process are entitled to use the HON seal, showing that they abide by these guidelines. The site allows users to check whether a given Web site is HON-certified, and also contains an interactive questionnaire to help users gauge the credibility of information on sites that are not HON-certified. In addition, the site contains search engines designed to retrieve medical information, videos and photos of diseases and medical procedures, lists of healthcare conferences, and background on select health topics.

Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition
On this site, the coalition's Immunization Education and Action Committee (IEAC) provides information most suited for health professionals such as: legislative updates on immunization topics for each state, directories of mobile immunization services and immunization coalitions, and a quarterly newsletter.

Immunization Action Coalition
This site is most suited for health professionals, but many aspects of it will be informative for parents. For example, it includes sections that summarize the effects of vaccine-preventable diseases, including personal accounts of people who have been affected by them. A LISTSERV called IAC Express is available on the site and provides regular notices about current immunization topics.

Institute for Vaccine Safety, Johns Hopkins University
This Web site was established as a forum for interest groups to obtain information and commentary on specific vaccine safety issues. Updates on current issues related to immunization are posted. The Institute's Web site also provides links to other Web sites which offer information on relevant issues. The site will be expanded to include such items as a vaccine quiz, a glossary, and information on vaccines and the diseases they prevent.

National Foundation on Infectious Diseases' (NFID), National Adult Immunization Coalition (NAIC)
Unlike many other sites, this one focuses on immunization issues for adults. Numerous fact sheets are available, including general vaccine topics and specific information about each available vaccine as it relates to adults. Adult and adolescent immunization schedules are shown.

National Partnership for Immunization
Funded in part through a Cooperative Agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NPI's goal is to increase national awareness of the value and importance of infant, child, adolescent and adult immunization. Find information on general vaccines information, diseases, vaccine safety, immunization schedules and special requirements, immunization registry, along with useful links to other related sites and resources.

Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases
PKIDs is a parent group whose highest priority is to seek the best care for their own children and to prevent other children from being harmed by infectious diseases. PKIDs is funded by parents, individuals, corporations, foundations and unrestricted grants from pharmaceutical companies.

The Vaccine Page
This site functions largely as a hub, connecting visitors to many other sites, including sites for parents and practitioners. Links exist to medical journal sites and the sites of associations and advocacy groups. Note that while the Vaccine Page provides access to sites with scientifically accurate information, some links contain on-line "chat rooms" where parents may encounter information that is not based on the best available science.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
From CDC's home page, visitors can search health issues using an alphabetical menu. Sub-sections of the site of particular interest and value for those seeking information on immunization are shown below.

National Immunization Program (NIP)
NIP's home page features publications that answer the question "Why Immunize?" as well as links to important immunization topics in the news.
This section of NIP's site features publications and fact sheets designed for the public on many issues such as "6 Misconceptions about Vaccination" and answers to frequently asked questions. Also provided are the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and downloadable Vaccine Information Statements (VISs). (To order VISs by phone, call CDC's Immunization Information Hotline at 1-800-232-2522.)
This section of NIP's site focuses on vaccine safety and provides information on current vaccine-related issues, a glossary, an explanation of the risks of diseases as compared to immunization risks, and instructions for reporting an adverse vaccine reaction to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).

CDC's National Center for Infectious Diseases Travellers' Health
This link provides information for travellers on specific diseases, destinations, outbreak concerns, travellers' special needs and CDC's recommended vaccinations. What to know before you go and before taking children with you on a trip. Find reference materials and useful resources such as CDC's book of health information for international travellers and links to other related sites.

National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO)
This site is posted by the federal National Vaccine Program which was created to bring together all of the groups that have key roles in immunization, such as federal, state, and local agencies, the public, health care providers, and private-sector entities such as vaccine manufacturers. The site provides basic information about immunization concepts (like how the immune system works). It also provides "Ten Tips for Evaluating Information on the Internet," and includes links to organizations such as the American Nurses Association, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), the Immunization Action Coalition, and the World Health Organization (WHO).

CDC's National Immunization Information Hotline
For those without Internet access or those who would like to speak with a resource in person, CDC's National Immunization Information Hotline can be reached at 1-800-232-2522 (for Spanish speakers, the number is 1-800-232-0233).

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)
FDA's CBER home page features links to current vaccine information, including vaccine recalls. Some information ranges beyond vaccines, so two subsections of the site especially suited to those seeking vaccine information are shown below.
This portion of the FDA's site answers questions about what the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) is, why it exists, how it works, and what can and cannot be inferred from VAERS data. Links for general immunization information (e.g., CDC's NIP) and information on vaccine safety (e.g., FDA, AAP) are included.
This section of FDA's site addresses topics including clinical trials, advisory committees, licensure and continuing studies.

FDA's Consumer Information Hotline
FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research maintains a consumer information hotline to answer questions about vaccine safety and regulations, 1-800-835-4709.

This site provides a comprehensive list of Web resources and various organizations that link to other immunization Web sites.

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)
HRSA's site on the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) explains what the VICP is, how it was created, and how to file a claim. In addition, a summary of current issues and answers to frequently asked questions are provided as is a monthly report on program activities.

Vaccine Injury Compensation Program Public Information Line
For information about the VICP health professionals and their patients can call the public information line at 1-800-338-2382.

World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Programme on Vaccines and Immunization (GPV)
This site's section on vaccine safety educates visitors on current immunization issues, how to evaluate information on the Internet, how vaccines work, and vaccine safety. WHO is developing a section on the site that will explore the role of and information presented by those who oppose or question some vaccines. For health professionals, the site offers a primer on working with the media, background information on immunization safety, and information on dealing with vaccine-related adverse events. The site's perspective is global.

World Health Organization's (WHO) International Travel and Health Page
Find vaccine requirements and health advice, health risks and their avoidance, information on international health regulations, country list of vaccination certificate requirements for diseases such as malaria and yellow fever.

© Copyright 2000. National Network for Immunization Information. The information contained in the National Network for Immunization Information Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your health care provider. There may be variations in treatment that your health care provider may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.